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Glossary Terms Archive

ICF Walls

Insulating concrete forms (ICFs) are rigid plastic foam forms that hold concrete in place during curing and remain in place afterwards to serve as thermal insulation for concrete walls. The foam sections are lightweight and result in energy-efficient, durable construction. ICFs can be used to form various structural configurations, such as a standard wall, post and beam, or grid. They provide backing for interior and exterior finishes. Typical insulation values range from R-17 to R-26, depending on thickness, compared to between R-13 and R-19 for most wood-framed walls. ICF walls are designed as reinforced concrete, having high wind and seismic resistance.

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Island Basement

An island basement is a form of post and pier foundation that is commonly found in coastal areas where the ground floor is required to be a breakaway level in case of storm surge.

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Italianate

The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture. In the Italianate style, the models and architectural vocabulary of 16th-century Italian Renaissance architecture, which had served as inspiration for both Palladianism and Neoclassicism, were synthesized with picturesque aesthetics. The style of architecture that was thus created, though also characterized as “Neo-Renaissance”, was essentially of its own time.

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Jack-and-Jill bath

A Jack-and-Jill bath is typically located between two bedrooms, providing direct bathroom access to both. Many Jack-and-Jill baths have a private, separated toilet and shower area so the sink can be used simultaneously.

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